Bangkok is located on Chao Praya River’s low flat plain, which stretches to the Gulf of Thailand. The city’s latitude is 13 degrees 45 minutes north, and its longitude is 100 degrees 28 minutes east. Its elevation is approximately 2.31 meters at MSL (Mean Sea Level). Bangkok’s total area is 1,568,737 square kilometers, and is broken up into 50 regions and 154 sub-regions. Its total land area comprised of a developed district of 700 square kilometers: 23 percent (366.38 square kilometers) used for residential and 23.58 percent (378.97 square kilometers) used for agriculture and a small amount for government, industrial, and commercial.
Out of the 78 provinces in Thailand, Bangkok is in the 68th spot based on the total area size, yet has the most number of inhabitants and biggest population density. The city is bordered by Nakhon Nayok, Nonthaburi, and Pathum Thani to the north; Chachoengsao to the east; Samut Prakan and Samut Sakhon to the south; and Nakhon Pathom to the west. In addition, Bangkok has a coastline area of 4.4 kilometers. Portions of the surrounding regions have been incorporated into the expansive metropolitan area of Bangkok.
The major geographical feature of Bangkok is the Chao Phraya River, which extends 372 kilometers. The area surrounding the city, the Chao Phraya River basin, and the neighboring districts encompass a series of river deltas and plains that connect to the Bay of Bangkok, roughly 30 kilometers due south from downtown. This brought about the appellation of Bangkok as the ‘Venice of the East’ because of its numerous passages and canals that split the region into separate plots of land. Bangkok utilized these waterways, which were abundant within the city itself, as partitions for city localities, but as the city developed in the 1950s, the plan was scrapped and a different method of partition was implemented.
Moreover, the capital is broken up into two big metropolitan areas – Bangkok and Thon Buri – by the Chao Phraya River. There are a number of bridges that link these two cities to each other, including the Memorial Bridge, the Krungthon Bridge, and the Phra Pinklao Bridge.
Hot throughout the entire year, the temperature in Bangkok ranges from 77 degrees Fahrenheit during peak times in the winter to approximately 100 degrees Fahrenheit during the summer season. This type of climate feels more terrible even at its lowest humidity (60 percent) in the winter (November to February) and particularly at its highest humidity (80 percent) during the rainy season in the summer (May to October). Due to the fact that the city is just above sea level, flooding is prevalent, bringing roughly 50 inches of rain during the rainy season.